Triclosan is an antibacterial and antifungal agent. It is a polychloro phenoxy phenol.It is a white powdered solid with a slight aromatic/phenolic odor. It is a chlorinated aromatic compound that has functional groups representative of both ethersand phenols. Phenols often show antibacterial properties. Triclosan is only slightly soluble in water, but soluble in ethanol, methanol, diethyl ether, and strongly basic solutions.
Triclosan is present in soaps (0.10-1.00%), deodorants, toothpastes, mouth washes, and cleaning supplies, and is incorporated into an increasing number of consumer products, such as kitchen utensils, toys, bedding, socks, and trash bags. Its also found in the health care setting in surgical scrubs and personnel handwashes. Triclosan has been shown to be effective in reducing and controlling bacterial contamination on the hands and on treated products.
Triclosan is used mainly in antiperspirants/deodorants, cleansers, and hand sanitizers as a preservative and an anti-bacterial agent. In addition to cosmetics, triclosan is also used as an antibacterial agent in laundry detergent, facial tissues, and antiseptics for wounds, as well as a preservative to resist bacteria, fungus, mildew and odors in other household products that are sometimes advertized as "anti-bacterial." These products include garbage bags, toys, linens, mattresses, toilet fixtures, clothing, furniture fabric, and paints. Triclosan also has medical applications. Triclosan also has been employed as an effective selective agent in molecular cloning.